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Figure c07/c07f001
Figure 7.1
(a) Ankle in dorsiflexion (DF). (b) Ankle in plantarflexion (PF).
Figure c07/c07f005
Figure 7.12
The effect of gravity on the distribution of ventilation and perfusion in the lung in the upright and lateral positions. Source : Reproduced from Hou...
Figure c07/c07f009
Figure 7.16
Positions to reduce the work of breathing.
Figure c07/c07f013
Figure 7.20
The lobes of the brain and their functions.
Figure c07/c07f017
Figure 7.28
Spinal cord cross‐section. Source : Reproduced with permission of Pearson.
Figure c07/c07f021
Figure 7.39
Wheelchair with amputee stump support. Source : Reproduced from Musculoskeletal Key ( ).
Figure c07/c07uf003b
Figure 7.5
Sitting on the edge of the bed (from side‐lying).
Figure c07/c07uf007
Figure 7.11
Positioning an unconscious patient or a patient with a tracheostomy in side‐lying.
Figure c07/c07uf011
Figure 7.27
Positioning a patient with tonal problems in a chair.
Figure c07/c07uf015
Figure 7.33
The practitioners position themselves as described in the steps above.
Figure c07/c07f002
Figure 7.2
Sitting up in bed.
Figure c07/c07f006
Figure 7.13
The effect of controlled mandatory ventilation on ventilation and perfusion gradients. In contrast to spontaneous respiration, the perfusion gradient ...
Figure c07/c07f010
Figure 7.17
The bronchial tree. Source : Reproduced from Peate et al. ( ) with permission of John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Figure c07/c07f014
Figure 7.21
The spinal cord and spinal nerves.
Figure c07/c07f018
Figure 7.29
Dermatomes and myotomes.
Figure c07/c07f022
Figure 7.40
The correct position for prone lying. Source : Reproduced from Engstrom and van de Ven ( ) with permission of Elsevier.
Figure c07/c07uf004
Figure 7.6
Preparing to stand from sitting.
Figure c07/c07uf008
Figure 7.24
Positioning a patient with tonal problems in bed: supine.
Figure c07/c07uf012
Figure 7.30
Neck stabilization throughout the application of the neck collar.
Figure c07/c07uf016
Figure 7.34
The roll is co‐ordinated by the lead practitioner, with the patient's upper leg maintained in alignment throughout. Source : Illustrations © Louise E....
Figure c07/c07f003
Figure 7.8
A tracheostomy tube in situ . Source : Reproduced from Munir and Clarke ( ). © 2013 Nazia Munir and Ray Clarke. Published 2013 by Blackwell Publishi...
Figure c07/c07f007
Figure 7.14
The diaphragm as seen from the front. Note the openings in the vertebral portion for the inferior vena cava, oesophagus and aorta.
Figure c07/c07f011
Figure 7.18
The mucociliary escalator. Source : Reproduced from DeTurk and Cahalin ( ) with permission of The McGraw Companies.
Figure c07/c07f015
Figure 7.22
Shoulder subluxation.
Figure c07/c07f019
Figure 7.37
Causes of raised intracranial pressures. CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; ICP, intracranial pressure.
Figure c07/c07uf002
Figure 7.3
Side‐lying position.
Figure c07/c07uf005
Figure 7.7
Sitting to standing from a chair.
Figure c07/c07uf009
Figure 7.25
Positioning a patient with tonal problems in bed: side‐lying.
Figure c07/c07uf013
Figure 7.31
Application of the collar around the patient's neck while maintaining neck stabilization.
Figure c07/c07uf017
Figure 7.35
The practitioners position themselves as described in the steps above. Source : Image reproduced with permission of the Spinal Injuries Association.
Figure c07/c07f004
Figure 7.9
A patient with an artificial airway.
Figure c07/c07f008
Figure 7.15
Movement of the chest wall on inspiration. (a) The upper ribs move upwards and forwards, increasing the anteroposterior dimension of the thoracic cavi...
Figure c07/c07f012
Figure 7.19
Divisions of the nervous system. Source : Reproduced from PsychLogic ( ) with permission of CC.
Figure c07/c07f016
Figure 7.23
Figure c07/c07f020
Figure 7.38
Levels of amputation in the upper and lower limbs.
Figure c07/c07uf003a
Figure 7.4
Lying to sitting
Figure c07/c07uf006
Figure 7.10
Foot resting in a splint.
Figure c07/c07uf010
Figure 7.26
Positioning a patient with tonal problems in bed: sitting in bed.
Figure c07/c07uf014
Figure 7.32
Securing the collar.
Figure c07/c07uf018
Figure 7.36
The roll is co‐ordinated by the lead practitioner, with the patient's upper leg maintained in alignment throughout. Source : Image reproduced with pe...