(a) Ankle in dorsiflexion (DF). (b) Ankle in plantarflexion (PF).
The effect of gravity on the distribution of ventilation and perfusion in the lung in the upright and lateral positions. Source : Reproduced from Hou...
Positions to reduce the work of breathing.
The lobes of the brain and their functions.
Spinal cord cross‐section. Source : Reproduced with permission of Pearson.
Wheelchair with amputee stump support. Source : Reproduced from Musculoskeletal Key ( ).
Sitting on the edge of the bed (from side‐lying).
Positioning an unconscious patient or a patient with a tracheostomy in side‐lying.
Positioning a patient with tonal problems in a chair.
The practitioners position themselves as described in the steps above.
Sitting up in bed.
The effect of controlled mandatory ventilation on ventilation and perfusion gradients. In contrast to spontaneous respiration, the perfusion gradient ...
The bronchial tree. Source : Reproduced from Peate et al. ( ) with permission of John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
The spinal cord and spinal nerves.
Dermatomes and myotomes.
The correct position for prone lying. Source : Reproduced from Engstrom and van de Ven ( ) with permission of Elsevier.
Preparing to stand from sitting.
Positioning a patient with tonal problems in bed: supine.
Neck stabilization throughout the application of the neck collar.
The roll is co‐ordinated by the lead practitioner, with the patient's upper leg maintained in alignment throughout. Source : Illustrations © Louise E....
A tracheostomy tube in situ . Source : Reproduced from Munir and Clarke ( ). © 2013 Nazia Munir and Ray Clarke. Published 2013 by Blackwell Publishi...
The diaphragm as seen from the front. Note the openings in the vertebral portion for the inferior vena cava, oesophagus and aorta.
The mucociliary escalator. Source : Reproduced from DeTurk and Cahalin ( ) with permission of The McGraw Companies.
Causes of raised intracranial pressures. CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; ICP, intracranial pressure.
Sitting to standing from a chair.
Positioning a patient with tonal problems in bed: side‐lying.
Application of the collar around the patient's neck while maintaining neck stabilization.
The practitioners position themselves as described in the steps above. Source : Image reproduced with permission of the Spinal Injuries Association.
A patient with an artificial airway.
Movement of the chest wall on inspiration. (a) The upper ribs move upwards and forwards, increasing the anteroposterior dimension of the thoracic cavi...
Divisions of the nervous system. Source : Reproduced from PsychLogic ( ) with permission of CC.
Levels of amputation in the upper and lower limbs.
Lying to sitting
Foot resting in a splint.
Positioning a patient with tonal problems in bed: sitting in bed.
Securing the collar.
The roll is co‐ordinated by the lead practitioner, with the patient's upper leg maintained in alignment throughout. Source : Image reproduced with pe...