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Figure c22/f001
Figure 22.1
Processing of sensory input and motor output by the spinal cord. Source : Tortora and Derrickson ( ). Reproduced with permission from John Wiley & So...
Figure c22/f005
Figure 22.5
A point used for acupuncture. Source : Dougherty and Lister ( ).
Figure c22/f009
Figure 22.9
Gross anatomy of the spinal cord. (a) Posterior view and transverse section through spinal cord. (b) Transverse section of the spinal cord within a ce...
Figure c22/f013
Figure 22.13
Patient using Entonox demand valve. Source : The Royal Marsden.
Figure c22/f002
Figure 22.2
The pain pathway showing key sites for particular analgesic interventions. NSAID, non‐steroidal anti‐inflammatory drug. Source : Dougherty and Lister...
Figure c22/f006
Figure 22.6
A point used for pain relief. Source : Dougherty and Lister ( ).
Figure c22/f010
Figure 22.10
Branches of a typical spinal nerve, shown in cross‐section through the thoracic portion of the spinal cord: transverse section. Source : Tortora and ...
Figure c22/f003
Figure 22.3
The WHO analgesic ladder. Source : World Health Organization ( ). Reproduced with permission of WHO.
Figure c22/f007
Figure 22.7
Points used to treat migraines/headaches. Source : Dougherty and Lister ( ).
Figure c22/f011
Figure 22.11
Distribution of dermatomes. Source : Tortora and Derrickson ( ). Reproduced with permission from John Wiley & Sons.
Figure c22/f004
Figure 22.4
TENS machine. Source : Dougherty and Lister ( ).
Figure c22/f008
Figure 22.8
Acupuncture treatment record chart. Source : Adapted from BMAS ( ).
Figure c22/f012
Figure 22.12
Entonox cylinder and hose. Source : Dougherty and Lister ( ).