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Figure c12/6133868988001
Figure 12.33
Chest drain: Removal
Figure c12/c12f004
Figure 12.4
Nasal cannula.
Figure c12/c12f008
Figure 12.8
Tracheostomy mask.
Figure c12/c12f012
Figure 12.12
Heat and moisture exchanger for a laryngectomy.
Figure c12/c12f016
Figure 12.16
Non‐invasive ventilation (NIV) helmet.
Figure c12/c12f020
Figure 12.20
A chest drain and underwater seal bottle are used to drain a left pleural effusion.
Figure c12/c12f024
Figure 12.24
Underwater chest drainage system.
Figure c12/c12f028
Figure 12.28
Mattress suture.
Figure c12/c12f032
Figure 12.32
Chest drain on suction.
Figure c12/c12f036
Figure 12.37
Tracheal dilator.
Figure c12/c12f040
Figure 12.41
Portex® Blue Line Ultra® Sucationaid tracheostomy tube.
Figure c12/c12f044
Figure 12.45
Portex® Uniperc® adjustable flange tracheostomy tube with Soft Seal® cuff and inner cannula.
Figure c12/c12f048
Figure 12.49
Tracheal suction using a fine‐bore suction catheter.
Figure c12/c12f052
Figure 12.53
Decannulation plug.
Figure c12/c12f056
Figure 12.57
Assessing for signs of life.
Figure c12/c12f060
Figure 12.61
Feeling the carotid pulse.
Figure c12/c12f064
Figure 12.65
Two people ventilating a patient with a bag valve mask.
Figure c12/c12f068
Figure 12.69
Biaxillary position of self‐adhesive electrodes.
Figure c12/c12f072
Figure 12.76
The pillars of patient blood management. Source : Reproduced from Shander et al. ( ) with permission of John Wiley & Sons.
Figure c12/c12uf002
Figure 12.70
Sizing an oropharyngeal airway.
Figure c12/c12f001
Figure 12.1
The major respiratory organs in relation to surrounding structures. Source : Marieb and Hoehn ( ).
Figure c12/c12f005
Figure 12.5
Simple face‐mask.
Figure c12/c12f009
Figure 12.9
Fowler position.
Figure c12/c12f013
Figure 12.13
Heat and moisture exchanger for a ventilation circuit.
Figure c12/c12f017
Figure 12.17
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) bellows.
Figure c12/c12f021
Figure 12.21
The relationship between the pleural membranes, chest wall and lungs.
Figure c12/c12f025
Figure 12.25
Ambulatory chest drain bag with Heimlich valve.
Figure c12/c12f029
Figure 12.29
Omental tag.
Figure c12/c12f033
Figure 12.34
(a) Anatomy of the head and neck. (b) Tracheostomy. (c) Laryngectomy.
Figure c12/c12f037
Figure 12.38
Cuff pressure manometer.
Figure c12/c12f041
Figure 12.42
Uncuffed tracheostomy tube in situ . Source : Reproduced with permission from the National Tracheostomy Safety Project ( )...
Figure c12/c12f045
Figure 12.46
(a) Jackson silver tube. (b) Negus silver tube.
Figure c12/c12f049
Figure 12.50
Oral suction using a Yankauer suction tip.
Figure c12/c12f053
Figure 12.54
Larnyngectomy devices. (a) Laryngecomy tube. (b) Baseplate. (c) Filter cassette. (d) Stoma covers. (e) Shower aid. (f) Tilley's forceps.
Figure c12/c12f057
Figure 12.58
Head tilt, chin lift.
Figure c12/c12f061
Figure 12.62
Correct hand and arm position for chest compressions.
Figure c12/c12f065
Figure 12.66
Two people ventilating a patient using a Mapleson C system.
Figure c12/c12f069
Figure 12.73
Vital steps involved in the transfusion of blood components. Source : Reproduced from Bolton‐Maggs ( ) with permission of Serious Hazards of Transf...
Figure c12/c12f073
Figure 12.77
Transfusion‐associated circulatory overload (TACO) safety checklist. Source : Reproduced from Bolton‐Maggs ( ) with permission of Serious Hazards o...
Figure c12/c12uf003
Figure 12.71
Insertion of an oropharyngeal airway.
Figure c12/c12f002
Figure 12.2
Gas movement in the body is facilitated by partial pressure differences. Top of figure illustrates pressure gradients that facilitate oxygen (O 2 ) an...
Figure c12/c12f006
Figure 12.6
Reservoir mask (non‐rebreathe mask).
Figure c12/c12f010
Figure 12.10
High‐flow oxygen via a nasal cannula.
Figure c12/c12f014
Figure 12.14
Positive end‐expiratory pressure (PEEP) valves.
Figure c12/c12f018
Figure 12.18
Bacterial–viral filter.
Figure c12/c12f022
Figure 12.22
Large‐bore chest drain.
Figure c12/c12f026
Figure 12.26
Triangle of safety. Source : Laws et al. ( ). Reproduced with permission of BMJ Publishing Group, Ltd.
Figure c12/c12f030
Figure 12.30
H‐shaped securing tape.
Figure c12/c12f034a
Figure 12.35
(a) Emergency tracheostomy management algorithm. (b) Emergency laryngectomy management algorithm. Source : Reproduced with permission from the Nati...
Figure c12/c12f038
Figure 12.39
Cuffed tracheostomy tube in situ . Source : Reproduced with permission from the National Tracheostomy Safety Project ( ).
Figure c12/c12f042
Figure 12.43
Portex® uncuffed fenestrated tracheostomy tubes with red inner tube to highlight that the inner tube is also fenestrated.
Figure c12/c12f046
Figure 12.47
Rusch speaking valve.
Figure c12/c12f050
Figure 12.51
Components of a closed‐circuit catheter. The control valve locks the vacuum on or off. The catheter is protected inside an airtight sleeve. A T‐piece ...
Figure c12/c12f054
Figure 12.55
Red rubber tube, base plate with a heat and moisture exchanger, and a laryngectomy tube.
Figure c12/c12f058
Figure 12.59
Jaw thrust.
Figure c12/c12f062
Figure 12.63
Pocket mask with oxygen port.
Figure c12/c12f066
Figure 12.67
Standard position of self‐adhesive electrodes.
Figure c12/c12f070
Figure 12.74
Cumulative data for SHOT categories 1996 to 2017, n = 19,815. Source : Adapted from Bolton‐Maggs ( ) with permission of Serious Hazards of Transf...
Figure c12/c12f074
Figure 12.78
A guide to the necessary elements of blood pack labelling.
Figure c12/c12uf005
Figure 12.72
Correct placement of an oropharyngeal airway.
Figure c12/c12f003
Figure 12.3
Oxyhaemoglobin dissociation curve. With a PaO 2 of 8 kPa and more, saturations will remain high (flat portion of curve). The middle red line is the n...
Figure c12/c12f007
Figure 12.7
Venturi attachments.
Figure c12/c12f011
Figure 12.11
Heat and moisture exchanger for a tracheostomy tube. (a) Swedish nose. (b) Trachphone.
Figure c12/c12f015
Figure 12.15
Non‐invasive ventilation (NIV) patient interfaces.
Figure c12/c12f019
Figure 12.19
Nasopharyngeal airway and safety pin.
Figure c12/c12f023
Figure 12.23
(a) Pigtail drain with (b) magnification of the end.
Figure c12/c12f027
Figure 12.27
Alternative positions for chest drain insertion. (a) Supine on the bed with the arm on the affected side placed behind the head away from the chest wa...
Figure c12/c12f031
Figure 12.31
High‐volume, low‐pressure suction unit (thoracic suction adaptor).
Figure c12/c12f035
Figure 12.36
Bed signage. (a) Tracheostomy. (b) Laryngectomy. Source : Reproduced with permission from the National Tracheostomy Safety Project ( www.tracheosto...
Figure c12/c12f039
Figure 12.40
Portex® Blue Line Ultra® tracheostomy tube shown with introducer.
Figure c12/c12f043
Figure 12.44
Fenestrated uncuffed tube in situ . Source : Reproduced with permission from the National Tracheostomy Safety Project ( )....
Figure c12/c12f047
Figure 12.48
Passy Muir valve
Figure c12/c12f051
Figure 12.52
Tracheostomy inner tube change.
Figure c12/c12f055
Figure 12.56
Cardiac arrest rhythms. (a) Asystole: non‐shockable. (b) Pulseless electrical activity (PEA): non‐shockable. (c) Pulseless ventricular tachycardia (VT...
Figure c12/c12f059
Figure 12.60
(a) Assisting the patient into the recovery position. (b) The patient in the recovery position.
Figure c12/c12f063
Figure 12.64
Mask with one‐way valve over patient's nose and mouth and rescuer giving breath.
Figure c12/c12f067
Figure 12.68
Anteroposterior position of self‐adhesive electrodes.
Figure c12/c12f071
Figure 12.75
Bedside checklist. Source : Reproduced from Bolton‐Maggs ( ) with permission of Serious Hazards of Transfusion.
Figure c12/c12f075
Figure 12.79
Checking the compatibility label or tie‐on tag against the patient's wristband.