Processing of sensory input and motor output by the spinal cord. Source : Reproduced from Tortora and Derrickson ( ) with permission of John Wiley & ...
Examples of a universal pain assessment tools. Source : Reproduced from Rhodes and Branham ( ) with permission of Pharmacy Times .
Branches of a typical spinal nerve, shown in cross‐section through the thoracic portion of the spinal cord: transverse section. Source : Reproduced f...
Patient using an Entonox demand valve.
Points used to treat migraines and headaches.
The pain pathway, showing key sites for particular analgesic interventions.
The WHO analgesic ladder.
Distribution of dermatomes.
A sample acupuncture treatment record chart. Rx, prescription. Source : Adapted from BMAS ( ).
Distribution of referred pain. Source : Reproduced from Tortora and Derrickson ( ) with permission of John Wiley & Sons.
Safety guideline: management of severe local anaesthetic toxicity. Source : Reproduced from AAGBI ( ) with permission of the Association of Anaesthet...
Epidural insertion kit. Source : Reproduced with permission of Vygon.
A generic acupuncture point (PC6) often used for nausea and pain.
Body diagram used for pain assessment.
Gross anatomy of the spinal cord. (a) Anterior view and transverse section through the spinal cord. (b) Transverse section of the spinal cord within a...
Entonox cylinder and hose.
A point (LI4) used for relief of pain such as headaches and toothache, for relief of sinus infections, or as a generic point in conjunction with other...