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Figure c10/c10f001
Figure 10.1
Processing of sensory input and motor output by the spinal cord. Source : Reproduced from Tortora and Derrickson ( ) with permission of John Wiley & ...
Figure c10/c10f005
Figure 10.5
Examples of a universal pain assessment tools. Source : Reproduced from Rhodes and Branham ( ) with permission of Pharmacy Times .
Figure c10/c10f009
Figure 10.9
Branches of a typical spinal nerve, shown in cross‐section through the thoracic portion of the spinal cord: transverse section. Source : Reproduced f...
Figure c10/c10f013
Figure 10.13
Patient using an Entonox demand valve.
Figure c10/c10f017
Figure 10.17
Points used to treat migraines and headaches.
Figure c10/c10f002
Figure 10.2
The pain pathway, showing key sites for particular analgesic interventions.
Figure c10/c10f006
Figure 10.6
The WHO analgesic ladder.
Figure c10/c10f010
Figure 10.10
Distribution of dermatomes.
Figure c10/c10f014
Figure 10.14
TENS machine.
Figure c10/c10f018
Figure 10.18
A sample acupuncture treatment record chart. Rx, prescription. Source : Adapted from BMAS ( ).
Figure c10/c10f003
Figure 10.3
Distribution of referred pain. Source : Reproduced from Tortora and Derrickson ( ) with permission of John Wiley & Sons.
Figure c10/c10f007a
Figure 10.7
Safety guideline: management of severe local anaesthetic toxicity. Source : Reproduced from AAGBI ( ) with permission of the Association of Anaesthet...
Figure c10/c10f011
Figure 10.11
Epidural insertion kit. Source : Reproduced with permission of Vygon.
Figure c10/c10f015
Figure 10.15
A generic acupuncture point (PC6) often used for nausea and pain.
Figure c10/c10f004
Figure 10.4
Body diagram used for pain assessment.
Figure c10/c10f008
Figure 10.8
Gross anatomy of the spinal cord. (a) Anterior view and transverse section through the spinal cord. (b) Transverse section of the spinal cord within a...
Figure c10/c10f012
Figure 10.12
Entonox cylinder and hose.
Figure c10/c10f016
Figure 10.16
A point (LI4) used for relief of pain such as headaches and toothache, for relief of sinus infections, or as a generic point in conjunction with other...