(a) Superficial veins of the forearm. (b) Superficial veins of dorsal aspect of the hand.
Lateral view of spinal column and vertebrae, showing needle entry site for lumbar puncture.
Types of vacuum‐assisted sputum traps.
Cystoscopy for a woman. Source : Reproduced with permission from the patient information website of Cancer Research UK ( www.cancerresearchuk.org/can...
Anchoring the skin.
Three‐way tap: turned diagonally to close off flush, artery and port.
Area to be swabbed when sampling the nose.
Various stool pots.
A vacuumed collection system: two blood culture bottles, Vacutainer holder and Vacutainer ‘butterfly’.
Lumbar puncture. Sagittal section through lumbosacral spine. The most common site for lumbar puncture is between L3 and L4 and between L4 and L5 as th...
Endoscopy. Source : Reproduced with permission from the patient information website of Cancer Research UK ( www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancerhelp ).
Liver biopsy needles.
Attach sample bottle to holder.
Three‐way tap: turned to flush and port.
Area to be swabbed when sampling the throat.
Modified Allen test. (a) Step 1. (b) Step 2. (c) Step 3.
Anatomy of the lower gastrointestinal tract. RUQ, right upper quadrant; LUQ, left upper quadrant; RLQ, right lower quadrant; LLQ, left lower quadrant....
Palpating the vein.
Three‐way tap: closed to port.
Position for lumbar puncture. Head is flexed onto chest and knees are drawn up.
Nasopharyngeal wash: syringe method.
Variety of swabs.
Arterial blood gas sampling.
Different types of sampling devices.
Cystoscopy for a man. Source : Reproduced with permission from the patient information website of Cancer Research UK ( www.cancerresearchuk.org/cance...
Cleaning the skin.
Three‐way tap: turned to artery and port.
Area to be swabbed when sampling the outer ear.
Nasopharyngeal wash: vacuum‐assisted aspirate method.